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Applied Behavior Analysis and Special Education in Turkey

Gonul Kircaali-Iftar

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From ABA Journal ABA is based on the principles of behavioral approach and utilizes these principles to change socially significant behaviors. What does ABA target? Teaching new behaviors Strengthening existing behaviors Preventing undesirable behaviors Weakening/extinguishing undesirable behaviors Maintaining the behavioral changes Generalizing the behavioral changes Reinforcement is the behavioral consequence which increases the future likelihood of the behavior that it follows. If a stimulus is added to the environment in the reinforcement process, this type of reinforcement is called ‘positive reinforcement'. This stimulus is called ‘reinforcer' (i.e., ‘reward'). In order to get the expected result the reinforcer should immediately follow the target behavior, and should be provided only for the target behavior. Make sure that the reinforcer: has a reinforcing ... (more)